Down by the River – Varrella virran

The mouth of Singapore River used to be the Old Port of Singapore. It was the centre of trade, finance and commerce. There were also government buildings built along the River side. Since the 1820s onwards, Singapore River was a centre of trade and commerce. Even till now, the Downtown Core area is still Singapore’s Central Business District, Financial Hub. The Singapore River is a river in Singapore that flows from the Central Area, which lies in the Central Region in the southern part of Singapore before emptying into the ocean. The Singapore River is approximately three kilometers long from its source at Kim Seng Bridge to where it empties into Marina Bay and finally the Singapore Strait. 

Singaporejoki on Singaporen kaupungin ydinkeskustassa virtaava runsaan kolmen kilometrin pituinen joki Singaporen saaren eteläosassa. Joki laskee Marina Bayhyn kaupungin ydinkeskustan kohdalla. Singaporejoki tarjosi aikoinaan hyvät kulkuyhteydet mereltä kaupunkiin, ja vuosisata myöhemmin Singaporejoki oli maan tärkein kaupallinen elinehto. Maan nopea urbanisoituminen toi mukanaan vääjäämättä ympäristöongelmia. Väkiluvun ja kaupankäynnin kasvaessa ja liikennemäärien noustessa joki saastui pahasti. Joen laiturit kävivät myös ahtaiksi useille kauppa-aluksille, mikä johti siihen että Keppelin satamaa, nykyistä Singaporen sataman yhtä terminaalia alettiin kehittää enemmän. Singaporen itsenäistyttyä maassa aloitettiin massiiviset uudistukset jotka koskivat maan vesihuoltoa ja viemäröintijärjestelmiä, etenkin kaupungin ydinkeskustassa jossa Singaporejoki virtaa. Vuonna 1977 Singaporen ympäristöministeriö aloitti Singaporejoen puhdistamisen. Jokea ruopattiin ja joen seinämät rakennettiin uudestaan. Molemmille puolille jokea rakennettiin rantakadut. Vuoteen 1983 mennessä joen tila oli kohentunut huomattavasti.

The three main Quays are Boat Quay, Clarke Quay and Robertson Quay whereby many boats came in and out daily to trade. The first Quay to be built was located in the current Boat Quay’s location back in 1823. There were shipping services, shophouses and warehouses lining up the quays. Temples, shrines and places of worship were commonly found along the River bank to allow coolies, traders, businessman to pray for safe journey and business. The famous bridges along the river are Anderson Bridge, Elgin Bridge and Cavenagh Bridge.

Joen kolme pääsatama-aluetta ovat Boat Quay, Clarke Quay ja Robertson Quay. Ensimmäisenä mereltä tultaessa on Boat Quay, joka sijaitsee edelleen alkuperäisellä paikallaan. 

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I began my river walk from Merlion Park.

Kävely joen varrella alkoi Merlion puistosta tai pikemminkin Merlion-patsaan luota.

Singapore, Merlion

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Under the bridge – Sillan alla

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There are a number of sculptures along the Singapore River. Many of these depict the life of people living and working along the river during the early days of Singapore.

Singaporejoen varrella on monia veistoksia, jotka kuvaavat elämää joen varrella vuosien saatossa.

I think the most amazing sculpture is The First Generation Sculpture, which has been installed at Boat Quay near to the Fullerton Hotel. This is definitely one of the most unusual sculptures in Singapore. It was created by local sculptor Chong Fat Cheong, in the year 2000, after a request from the Singapore Tourist Council. The sculpture is about group of five bronze boys jumping into the river. It’s protagonists represent the first immigrants to the state and the important role that the Singapore River played in their lives. As Chong Fat Cheong himself has remarked, it was once a huge swimming pool for the children who lived beside the river in those times. With no toys to entertain them, it served as a source of simple enjoyment and fascinating adventures for them.

Ensimmäinen sukupolvi (The First Generation) on mielestäni yksi kiehtovimmista veistoksista joen varrella. Patsas sijaitsee lähellä Fullerton hotellia ja se valmistui vuonna 2000. Veistos kertoo viidestä pojasta, jotka hyppivät uimaan joen varrella. Veistos kuvaa suoranaisesti Singaporejoen historiaa ja aikaa, jolloin ensimmäiset siirtolaiset saapuivat Singaporeen. Joen varrella asuvien lasten leikkinä oli lelujen puutteessa uida joessa ja hyppiä veteen silloilta ja joen varsilta.

The First Generation sculpture

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Right after this sculpture is the sculpture River Merchants. The scene depicts a European merchant discussing business with a Chinese trader and Malay chief, while a group of coolies load a bullock cart a short distance away. The European is Alexander Laurie Johnston, one of Singapore’s pioneer traders. The site of the sculpture is actually where Johnston’s trading company operated near the mouth of the Singapore River from 1820 to 1848. Originally from Scotland, Johnston was a key figure in the early Singapore business scene and was one of the founding members of the Chamber of Commerce.

Vähän matkan päässä sijaitsee toinen veistos. Jokikauppiaat. Veistoksessa eurooppalainen kauppias Alexander Laurie Johnston keskustelee kaupanteosta kiinalaisen myyjän ja malaijilaisen päällikön kanssa samalla, kun ryhmä työläisiä ahertaa vähän matkan päässä. 

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Picture from marinabaysands.com

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 River Merchants sculpture, Singapore

Bird sculpted by Fernando Botero in 1990, the bird is traditionally associated with peace and serenity. This three-dimensional Bird by Botero also signifies the joy of living and the power of optimism. Situated right outside UOB Plaza along Boat Quay, UOB believes that so long as there is peace and optimism among its people, Singapore will continue to grow and prosper. This is a popular sculpture that many tourists take pictures with and it has even been used for shoots for Indian movies.

Veistoksen Lintu on tehnyt Fernando Botero 1990. Lintu kuvastaa rauhaa ja tyyneyttä. Veistos sijaitsee UOB Plazalla, aivan Boat Quayn kupeessa. Veistos on suosittu turistien kuvauskohde.

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Boat Quay

Fishing at Singapore River, made by Chern Lian Sh. Before the arrival of the British, the native Orang Laut, or sea people, plied their trades as fishermen on the Singapore River. With the growth of the city, the river became so polluted all fishes disappeared from the river. This was reversed gradually with the launch of Clean Rivers project in the 1980s.

Kalastusta Singapore joella. 

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The Old Hill Street Police Station building is the site of Singapore’s first jail. During the Japanese Occupation, Hill Street Police Station was used by the Kempeitai as a holding area for prisoners and some say, as torture chambers. After the war, it reverted to being a police station. The Arms and Explosives Branch of the Police Department operated there from 1949 to 1981. In the 1960s, a new housing scheme gave police personnel the option to live in government-built accommodation. Police staff gradually moved out, with the last occupant leaving in 1979. Two years later, the station was closed and, after renovations, the building was renamed Hill Street Building in 1983. Today, it is used by the Ministry of Communications and Information (MCI) and Ministry of Culture, Community and Youth, including the National Arts Council, the National Heritage Board and the Media Development Authority.

Alla olevassa kuvassa on vanha poliisiasemarakennus, joka on toiminut joskus niin vankilana kuin poliisien asuntoinakin. Nykyään rakennus on virastotalo.

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Right after Boat Quay is Clarke Quay, the trendy nightspots. At present there are five blocks of restored warehouses house various restaurants and nightclubs. There are also moored Chinese junks(tongkangs) that have been refurbished into floating pubs and restaurants. River cruises and river taxis on the Singapore River can be accessed from Clarke Quay.

Boat Quayn jälkeen on vuorossa Clarke Quay, tuo lukuisien ravintoloiden ja baarien keskittymä. Paikka on myös jokiristeilyjen aloituspaikka.

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Robertson Quay is a wharf near the source of the Singapore River. It is the largest and most upstream of the three wharfs (the other two being Boat Quay and Clarke Quay) on the river. You’ll find there laid-back charm and perfect cafeterias for a morning coffee.

Robertson Quay on ihastuttava alue, joka on rauhallisin ja suurin näistä kolmesta satama-alueesta. Robertson Quayn joenvarsi ravintolat ovat täydellisiä aamukahvitteluun.

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Alkaff Bridge was built in 1997, as part of the Urban Redevelopment Authority’s (URA) plan to create a promenade along both banks of the Singapore River. The bridge, completed in 1999, is one of three footbridges — Alkaff Bridge, Robertson Bridge and Jiak Kim Bridge — built at Robertson Quay to improve the pedestrian connectivity. The Alkaff Bridge was painted in January 2004 in vibrant colours by Filipino artist Pacita Abad (1946–2004) and a team of rope specialists. The artist and her crew of helpers used 55 different colours and more than 900 litres of industrial-strength paint to transform the bridge into Singapore’s first “Bridge of Art”.

Tämä kaunis ja värikäs kävelysilta on Alkaff silta

 

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This is it, end of my river walk. If you are visiting Singapore or you have guests over, this is a nice tip for you to explore Singapore. And once again remember to wear a pair of good walking shoes.

Tässä on kävelyreittini päätepysäkki. Mikäli tulet vierailulle Singaporeen tai asut jo täällä, käykäähän tutustumassa reittini varrella olleisiin kohteisiin. Ja muistakaa, hyvät kävelykengät jalkaan, sillä reitti on pitkä.

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Check also my other post from the river, Light up the night.

Katso myös aikaisempi postaus joen varrelta, iltavalaistus.


 

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